The Wreck of the Katata

The wreck of the Katata, near the north side of the mouth of the Klamath River.  When it happened, is not known.

The dugout lashed to deck of the boat is a ‘lagoon dugout’ in contrast to the round-bottomed river canoes. Both the ‘lagoon’ and ‘ocean’ dugout had a lower prow and higher sides and more keel than a ‘river’ dugout.

The photographer is thought to be a Mr. Field, manager of the Klamath River Packing and Trading Company. The man in the picture has never been identified.


Liberal Professor Warns Congress about Obama’s Executive Over-reach

Jonathan Turley, professor of public interest law at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., warned Congress during a hearing Wednesday that America has reached a “constitutional tipping point” under the watch of President Barack Obama.

Here’s the conclusion to his statement before the Judicial Committee:

“The subject of this hearing is fraught with passions and politics. I do not wish to add to the hyperbolic rhetoric surrounding the current controversies. To be clear, I do not view President Obama as a dictator, but I do view him as a danger in his aggregation of executive power. It is not his motives but his means that I question. It is the danger described by Louis Brandeis in his dissent in Olmstead v. United States, where he warned that the “greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well meaning but without understanding.”

It is my sincere hope that both parties will join in fulfilling their sworn duty to this branch and to the Constitution in putting aside petty or political differences to restore balance to our system. While this may be an exercise of hope over experience of a constitutional scholar, I know from personal experience that there are many constitutionalists on both sides of the aisle. Through the years, I have had many exchanges with Republican and Democratic members who reflected their deep understanding and love for our system. That common article of faith between members once transcended politics and I believe it can do so again. While strong institutional voices like that of Senator Harry Byrd (sic) [Reid] and others are now silent, I am hoping that new voices will be heard in these chambers. What is required is for members to recognize that there is a horizon for this country that extends beyond the term of the current president.

The only thing that joins us is our common faith in a system that has weathered wars, depression, and civil unrest. The current passivity of Congress represents a crisis of faith for members willing to see a president assume legislative powers in exchange for insular policy gains. The short-term, insular victories achieved by this President will come at a prohibitive cost if the current imbalance is not corrected. Constitutional authority is easy to lose in the transient shifts of politics. It is far more difficult to regain. If a passion for the Constitution does not motivate members, perhaps a sense of self-preservation will be enough to unify members. President Obama will not be our last president. However, these acquired powers will be passed to his successors. When that occurs, members may loathe the day that they remained silent as the power of government shifted so radically to the Chief Executive. The powerful personality that engendered this loyalty will be gone, but the powers will remain.

We are now at the constitutional tipping point for our system. If balance is to be reestablished, it must begin before this President leaves office and that will likely require every possible means to reassert legislative authority. No one in our system can “go it alone” — not Congress, not the courts, and not the President. We are stuck with each other in a system of shared powers — for better or worse. We may deadlock or even despise each other. The Framers clearly foresaw such periods. They lived in such a period. Whatever problems we are facing today in politics, they are problems of our own making. They should not be used to take from future generations a system that has safeguarded our freedoms for over 250 years.”

It appears both the House and Senate are okay with becoming obsolete along with the U.S. Constitution, the rule of law and our civil liberties and I fear the day streets across the U.S. begin looking like Kiev’s Independence Square.

Journalistic Selectivism

In August 2006, Fred Brown, columnist and retired Capitol bureau chief of the ‘Denver Post’ was the co-chairman of the ‘Society of Professional Journalists’ Ethics Committee.’ Supposedly, Brown was instrumental in shaping the group’s “Code of Ethics” which has become the industry standard.

I say ‘supposedly,’ because I have not researched this statement — and I don’t intend to.

“What you describe is clearly an unethical practice,” said Brown about my personal blog, which was hammered by a University of Nevada, Reno journalism panel because I wrote about many of the subjects I reported on while working at the Sparks Tribune.

Their main concern was the fact that I published on my personal blog, a Republican candidate’s letter of complaint sent to the paper’s editor and publisher, saying I was being unfair to him because his Democratic opponent was always quoted in my stories on their race. I took the GOP candidate to task over his inability to return my calls by the deadline set by the paper.

Somehow, all that got skipped as the trashing literally continued to make headlines around the world, including the UK, Germany and Denmark. Enough about that – what I really want to point-out is how selective the national media has become.

Case in point, on one hand our national media is pounding Uganda because it has outlawed homosexuality, making it a crime punishable by life in prison.  However, the same media decidedly ignored comments made by a Russian soap opera star who says ‘homosexuals should be burnt alive in ovens (sound like the holocaust to me,) nor do they report how homosexuals are treated in Muslim countries, where they may executed via stoning, hanging, or beheading, based on sexual-preferences.

And as this continues, the same media refuses to report on how the ‘Coalition of African-American Pastors’ are calling for the impeachment of U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder. The preachers say Holder has violated his oath of office by trying “to coerce states to fall in line with the same-sex ‘marriage’ agenda.”

You certainly don’t see Brown and his ilk or a UNR panel condemning the national media for its ‘double-standard,’ when it comes to telling the entire news story – and you never will.

Tolerating that Which is Intolerable

What in the hell is wrong with our society? One side tolerating that which the other side would not tolerate — that’s what’s wrong!

This is what came up on one of my television channels: “Paid programming. Black Shopping Channel is an urban television shopping channel that sells the innovative products of small business owners across America.”

If it read ‘White Shopping Channel…,” it would be considered racist. Instead because I am pointing this out – I’ll be the one labeled ‘racist.’

Sadly, society is turning itself inside out.

It’s Only Your Civil Liberty Disappearing

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances,” reads the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.

Despite this, the Obama Administration plans on putting monitors in the newsrooms of local media outlets throughout the nation. If this happens, it could mean the end of free speech and freedom of the press for Americans.

Selected are eight categories of “critical information” such as the “environment” and “economic opportunities,” that it believes local newscasters should cover.  Station managers, news directors, journalists, television anchors and on-air reporters will have to tell the government about their “news philosophy” and how the station ensures that the community gets critical information.

Among the questions the Federal Communications Commission could be asking journalists: “Have you ever suggested coverage of what you consider a story with critical information for your [viewers, listeners or readers] that was rejected by management?” And “What was the reason given for the decision?”

Called the “Multi-Market Study of Critical Information Needs,” the FCC has a field test in Columbia, S.C., scheduled to begin this spring. Participation is voluntary, but remember, radio and TV stations would be out of business without a FCC license, which has to be renewed every eight years.

Meanwhile the ‘2014 World Press Freedom Index,’ puts the U.S. at 46, right behind Romania and down from last years ranking of 32.  Is it any wonder?

Man Alone

The pack felt heavy as I trudged along the narrow game trail. I had selected this path because the local elk population had used it for generations.

Now it was my escape to solitude.

A few years back I had accidentally discovered the elk trail while hiking and exploring after school. Howland Hill had always been a place for escaping the hustle of Crescent City.

Yet this was more than merely escaping the city below me. I was trying to escape from my shame.

“Cripes, I need to rest a minute,” I complained.

But I did not sit down or even stop. Instead, I pushed forward, climbing higher into the Redwood National Forest.

The sound of Mill Creek was slowly fading with every step. On my back I carried everything I would need for the next few weeks.

I reflected back on my last conversation with Dad, “I need to just disappear.”

Dad responded by asking, “What good would that do?”

I didn’t have an answer.

All I knew was that I needed to get away from everyone. And packing up and setting out on a long hike seemed to be the only answer.

The idea of leaving civilization had occurred to me in January. It was now late March. The heavy wet weather was still in the air but it would soon clear in time for spring.

“Six weeks isn’t anything,” I told my brother.

Adam jus’ scoffed at the idea. It wasn’t that Adam didn’t believe I could do it; it jus’ appeared as a strange idea.

Soon the game trail disappeared. It ended at the top of a ridge.

I turned around and looked at where I had just come from.

The sound of the highway was gone. So were the tumbling and rushing waters of Mill Creek.

I pulled the compass out of my shirt pocket.

The ridge ran roughly north and east. I decided to follow it for a while just to see where it would lead.

Down deeper into the forest I walked. When the sun was high, I stopped.

Pulling the backpack from my sweat soaked back, I laid it on the ground.

The sounds of the forest were everywhere. There was no quiet.

The trees were very much alive and making sound. The wind blew through them causing them to gently sway.

As the sound of the swaying came to my ears, I closed my eyes and jus’ listened. Soon I found myself thinking about the last year.

It had been rough for me. I had been mustered from the service; my parents were in the middle of a bitter divorce; and I had difficulty finding a job and an even harder time trying to keep one.

And jus’ last year my youngest sister, Marcy had been run down as she walked from the Woodland Villa Market to their home on Redwood Drive. She was in a wheel chair and no longer talking to me.

Then there was the arrest for stealing. It was made worse by the fact I had worked as a deputy reservist at the time.

Finally my girlfriend told me to move out.

The heaviness in my heart caused me to open my eyes and sit up.

“I’m trying to get away from all that!” I nearly screamed.

I reached over and picked at the top string holding the flap down on my backpack. Out of it I pulled two pieces of store-bought beef jerky.

“It’ll have to do until night fall,” I sighed.

Suddenly I felt naked as I reached for my pocket watch. It was not in its usual place by intention, because I had decided to leave it behind and learn to follow the seasons.

It was time to get back on trail and continued to hike deeper into the woods. My ears and eyes were ever alert for the presents of other people.

Periodically I would come across a strip of orange or blue plastic, evidence that men had once walked the same path. But I wanted to go where no one had been before or at least where there was no sign of a man having been.

“Jus’ think how many no ones are out in that big old world,” Grandpa had once said.

But he was gone now too. The thought had sent a stab of loneliness into my chest.

In the distance I could hear the breaking of water over stone. It sounded small at first but grew louder as I drew closer.

It was a small creek and large pond.

“Probably an off-shoot from the Smith or something,” I thought. “This is where I’ll set up camp for tonight.”.

I planned to walk further the following day.

The stream sounded pleasant as I unrolled my sleeping bag. Again I sat there and listened at the sounds redwood forest offered me.

Then I thought about the distance I might have walked today. I couldn’t judge it. I didn’t want to. All that concerned me was getting away.

The sun was filtering through the trees as it journeyed westward. Soon it would turn dark and I realized for the first time I was truly alone.

The thought frightened me for a few minutes. Then I pushed it away.

The pond was gentle yet fairly deep. It had a two-foot waterfall cascading over into. The water was clear and the fish could be seen.

In need of drinking water,  it was from this pond I decided to get it. But first I had to “purify” it and since I didn’t want to build a fire, I decided to build a water filter.

Breaking off four fairly strong branches from the surrounding Alder trees, I tied them together at the top. Next I attached a red bandana to the four sticks.

Under that bandana I attached a second one. This was followed by a third bandana.

Setting the contraption on level earth, I placed my enamel coffee pot underneath it. Finally I dipped my coffee tin into the pond and poured its content into the first bandana, which dripped into the second bandana, which dripped into the third.

I repeated this until I had filled the coffee pot with water. Finally I pulled a sack of trail mix out of my backpack and ate a few bits while lying on top of the sleeping bag.

When I next awakened the sun had gone down and I felt chilled. So I climbed into the bag and returned to sleep.

The following week I was continually on the move. I had long since put the compass in the bottom of his backpack.

“If God can work for six days, then rest, I can walk for six days, then set up a base camp,” I’d concluded.

That following evening I found myself standing by a slight stream on a grassy bank.

“This is the place,” I said as I pulled the harness buckle on my backpack, letting the backpack slowly drop to the ground.

The next few hours of daylight were spent exploring my new home. I chose to go up-stream to see what was there.

It turned out that the ribbon of water was a run off point for a larger pool of water. It was a flat area that opened up from the congestion of forest that tangled and intertwined itself with the path of the stream.

The area grew into a marshland. It was a wetland of green vegetation and deep brown earth. The pond was quiet and still on top.

“Like glass,” I reflected.

In its center rose a lump of dirt. It looked much like a deserted island with one single tree near the water’s edge.

“That’s the perfect spot for shelter,” I realized.

I set about collecting small pieces of deadfall and laying them in a stack. Soon I  had enough small logs that I could easily build two lean too huts.

“Now to get over there,” I commented as I reached down and picked up a sturdy pole.

I walked to the marsh edge, looked out at the island, then sat down and pulled off my boots. The soles were wearing down and the heels tilted hard to the inside.

I set them aside along with my jeans and shirt, removed my long handles and folded them up and laid them next to my other clothes.

Feeling shy, I stood up, naked in the late afternoon sunlight. Civilization had taught me that I should hide my body, but nature demanded to uncover it.

I waded out into the stillness of the water.

The cold of the water sent a shutter through my body. I gasped for breath as the little lake rose to my stomach.

Probing ahead with a stick, I reached out and gently pressed the blunt end into the spongy softness of the pond’s bed. I could feel it envelop the pole and suck it in. The earth was soft as I stepped into it and it pressed itself up between my bare toes.

Then the land started to slope up ever sharper until I found myself standing on the mass of isolate soil.

“No higher than my rib cage,” I learned.

I decided to float the dead fall across piece by piece.

The work was difficult and time-consuming. It was dark by the time I placed the first log as I wanted.

I had floated eight of the longest logs I could find and laid them side-by-side. I used the longest of these as a guide as I rasped my way through the others with a Sierra Saw.

I then collected dead fall-logs of half the length of those I had already chosen. These I cut down to equal lengths and laid them out before me.

The hatchet rang as it cut into the wood. I was chopping out saddle notches to fit the logs together.

“Dead fall maybe ‘dead’,” I concluded, “but it sure is tough.”

I laid the first log down and noticed that the ground was uneven. I needed to dig out an area to allow the log to lay flat. Soon the second one followed.

The sun had set before I finished. I had positioned four logs, stacked on top of each other, creating a miniature log cabin of about two feet high. There were four walls and the start of a vaulted roof.

With that I covered the frame in some canvas I had brought with me. I had a home now.

That night I pulled from my back pack the matches and striker. I would have my first fire in seven days of travel.

I wondered as I sat staring into the flicker of flame, if anyone missed me. I finally admitted to myself that I was home sick.

I sat quietly leaning against a lone alder and gazed into the fire until it was down to glowing embers. I banked the fire to save the embers, ate the last of my trail mix and the black berries I had found, looked over my blistered and swollen hands, climber into my sleeping bag under my little cabin and fell into an exhausted sleep.

Weeks passed and I thought less and less of my old way of living.

“The creature comforts,” I had called them.

Instead I spent my days trapping food and gathering nuts and berries.

I knew I was not alone as I had seen the paw prints in the mud several times. Whatever it was, it might be hunting the abundant frogs like I was.

It could also be curious about me. Bears were like that and I remained alert.

The little cabin was growing stronger with each day. The logs were chinked with mud to make them more resistant to the wind at night.

I had placed dirt against the outside logs to reinforce them. Sod from a patch of tall grasses down stream was cut and laid over in place of the canvas. It made the cabin waterproof and the rain that occasionally fell caused the roots to bind together creating a greater strength.

The fish catch worked well too. There were small trout in the pond.

I pushed several small branches into the stream’s bed forming a box shape with an opening. The opening pushed back into the box much like a letter “V.”

The fish could swim in, but couldn’t find their way out. This was strategically placed in the center of the stream as the pond emptied out into it.

Catching the fish in the trap was the easy part. Getting them from the trap to the fire required skill.

I tried all sorts of tricks. I poked at them with sharp sticks. I tried to stab them with my knife. I even tried grabbing the slippery things with my bare hands.

Finally in frustration I grabbed a small log and wielding it as a club, beat three trout into submission. While dinner did not look elegant that night it was tastier than the tubers and frog legs of the previous nighttime fare.

Nothing was left to go to waste. Even the skin and bones of the fish were to put to use.

Nightly, I would go to the water’s edge and bait another set of stick traps. I had five of them in different places along the island.

I would wade out to them and drop the scrapes into the traps. And each morning I would return and discover two or three crawdads in those traps. There were usually enough for breakfast along with a strong tin cup of ‘alder leave’ tea.

Twice, I had killed a rabbit with a deadfall trap I had set. It was a simple but brutal device that would knock an unsuspecting animal in the head, killing it.

I would balance a heavy log on the end of a wedge pole. Then farther back from the wedge pole I would place a single-stick in the ground.

On top of that I would lay another stick. On the piece of wood that was lying on its side would be another piece of wood balanced on end.

The trick I soon realize was the center of balance in the dead fall. I would lay a fresh tuber or some other vegetable on the stick laying on it side and wait.

Most of the time I would return to find the trap still set and the bait gone. A simple examination revealed how I could get better results, and soon I was successful.

“Should have put a hole in the bait stick sooner,” I thought as he picked up my third and then fourth rabbit.

I examined the bait where I pushed it through the hole.

“Hardly a nibble on it,” as I observed as I bit into the wild water crests.

Around the evening campfire I worked at making a hunting arrow. I had no obsidian so I ‘improvised’ as my survival instructor would have said, by fashioning it out of wood.

I whittled it down to shape then worked in some notched to create barbs. Then I set it on a stone near the fire as I worked on straightening the shaft of a future arrow.

As I heated the length of stick and bent it into shape, I chewed on a slender string of deer hide from a recent cougar kill. I had managed to carve off a hind quarter of the deer without seeing the large cat.

“That had to be at least three miles from here,” I thought as I gently worked the leather onto the ends of the small game bow.

With a few feathers robbed from a blue jays nest and pitch collected from the skin of a pine tree, I worked on affixing the feathers to the end of the arrow shaft. Then I worked the wooden arrow tip into place and touched the runny pitch to it.

Each night I worked at making arrowheads of wood and shafts with feathers for flight. During the day I practiced until I could hit a moving quail as it scurried away, but before it could break for flight.

With my ‘skin of civilization’ stripped and living bare, I turned red, then bronze. My body also went from soft to hard.

I wore a breechclout; hand hewn moccasins of rabbit skin and around my neck hung my bowie-knife. It was drape there on the end of a wide leather band.

I always carried it with me along with thick walking stick. I had carved it and decorated it with wet leather so that it would harden around the staff.

My beard had also grown out and matted with debris every day as was my hair. And every night I bathed in the pond. I learned to groom myself using a single twig from a tree picking the leaves and small pieces of crap from my facial hair.

Everyday was spent exploring for and gathering food, which sapped much of my energy. The air had grown hot and the breeze did not come as often as it had.

This made me feel lazy. Even the animals appeared to grow lazy.

They would sit and sleep during the hottest part of the day then come out in the evening. I started doing the same thing.

The coolness of the evening brought with it a new scent in the air. I could not identify it.

I sat and listened for along time, carefully searching for movement or shapes that did not belong. I did not travel far from his island.

Something was out there, but what. I didn’t know.

Late one night, long after the evening fire had been banked and I had curled myself into my sleeping bag, I heard a piercing scream. The sound frightened me, causing me to pull my knife from its sheath. While, it sounded like a woman screaming from terror in the night, I knew better; it was a cougar.

The next morning I discovered the tracks it had left. I spread my hand with held fingers wide and failed to cover the track. It was large.

“Wish I had paid attention to the tracks at that deer it killed,” I muttered.

The mountain lion had walked around the entire edge of the little lake. A chill ran up my spine and I shivered.

It was then that I turned and looked over my right shoulder, where my eyes met with the cougars. It was stalking me and had I not looked back, I would have never known it was there.

The cat emitted a low growl that turned my stomach. I gripped my walking stick in my left hand and came up yelling. The lion sprang backward as I pulled the bowie-knife from around my neck.

We moved in a slow circle to the right, the mountain lion alone waiting for the attack, for the cat had no fear of me. Once I realized this I resolved to disregard my fear.

I was now as much a part of this forest as the cat was, so sprang at the lion. It reared back showing its fangs with a startling hiss. The animal swiped at the air menacingly and backed away.

I moved against the cat again. And again the cat reared back and displayed its teeth. And again I feinted an attacked towards the cat.

This time I was close enough with my right hand to strike a cutting blow with the knife. The mountain lion screamed in pain and backed way off.

The cat circled a little to my left and crouched down low.

I remembered as a boy watching the family’s house cat. We kids would tease it with a string and it would give chase, and jus’ before it would spring it would lock its gaze on the object and then the tail would twitch at the end.

I searched for the lion’s tail. I kept an eye on its black tip as I slowly sheathed my knife.

It started to twitch wildly as I placed both hands on my walking stick. I held it over my shoulder like a baseball player at bat.

The mountain lion leaped at me.

I swung the stick turned club jus’ as the cat started down. The blow landed right on the lion’s head.

It spun out of the air and lay on its side momentarily. The walking stick shattered upon impact.

I immediately drew my knife, expecting the cat to get up and launch at me again.

The cat rose slowly and turned towards me. It growled a deep menacing throaty growl then turned and ran into the woods.

My instinct had grown strong I learned at that moment as I sensed something behind me.

I turned, expecting the cat to be there, ambushing me from behind. Instead I came to look up into the face of a large bear as it stood looking down on this puny man.

I raised the gleaming blade above my head and scream wildly at the bear. The bear raised his left paw up and wildly raked the air, then dropped and turned to disappear into the woods as well.

Shaking and fearing another attack by the mountain lion or a threat from the bear, I retreated to the island. I stayed there without food or sleep for two days and nights.

The night sounds returned to their regular voice. The days remained hot and stagnant. Gone was the strange odor of the mountain lion. Nor did I see the bear.

Still I remained hole up on the island. The night of the second day, I finally fell asleep, exhausted.

As I slept, I dreamed about the fight with the cat. I thrashed about in my sleeping bag until I had once again beaten the animal by cutting it.

Then I turned and came to face with the bear. I screamed and raised my knife forcefully into the air.

This time though the bear didn’t leave after pawing the sky. Instead he spoke, “Man, it is time for you to leave and go back with your kind.”

“I don’t want to leave,” I protested.

The bear shook his head, “Your pain is gone now. It is time to go home.”

The bear turned, and walking upright, disappeared into the woods. I jerked awake and lay there in the darkness, listening to the night-time sounds. I realized I was dreaming.

It was the first dream I’d had while in the forest. I smiled as I rolled over and fell back to sleep.

The next morning I awoke refreshed.

I went down to the fish trap and beat the five fish it held. I took them to the island and cleaned them and started drying them by the fire I had built. I collected all the crawdads I could, then tore down all the traps.

I boiled the crawdads and left them to cool as I wondered along the edge of the pond gathering black berries and other wild edibles. I returned with my gathering to the island.

Slowly and methodically I packed my belongings together and stuffed them into my backpack, along with my sleeping bag and what food I had gathered.

I collected the broken pieces of my walking stick together and placed them in the fire.

As they burned and the sun rose I chopped smooth a block of wood. took my knife and carved my name and the year into the logs face and placed it in the center of the little cabins floor.

“Never thought ten by five foot hovel could be a home,” I spoke aloud.

I sat down and leaned back against the lone alder on the island. I slowly worked on a piece of jerked rabbit and reflected back on my uninvited stay in the wilderness.

It had been a good stay and ‘Brother Bear’ was right, it was time to go. I laughed at myself because I realized that I actually regarded the bear as having spoken to me for real.

Yet, I knew it was more than a mere dream for the bear had come to me.

With a few croaks of a frog somewhere out on the pond I was on my way towards civilization. I was still clad in my breechclout a week later when I came to the bridge that crossed Mill Creek.

But this time, I was no longer a man wanting to be alone.

The Lions of Sigma Alpha Epsilon


For years the Kern County jail was known for its two large terra-cotta lions that sat on either side of the front entrance. The lions remained in that spot for 47 years until the jail had to be updated in 1952, following a massive earthquake that year.

With the razing of the building, the lions vanished, as well. The lions were eventually recovered some 10-years later, put up for auction and sold for $175 to a fraternity house near the campus of the University of Nevada, Reno.

On way to their new home in Northern Nevada, the lions were damaged and had to be repaired before being put on display. Since then, they’ve been spray-painted, had their teeth chipped out and their whiskers broken off by rival fraternities, yet they still stand guard today at the Sigma Alpha Epsilon house on Evans Street.